Kidney Stones Treatment in Boca Raton, FL
Kidney stones can cause serious pain when they’re passed, and if they cause infection or get lodged, you may need minimally invasive surgery. prevention of recurrent stone disease is equally as important with emphasis on nutrition. If you feel you may have kidney stones, trust expert urologist David Schwartzwald MD, in Boca Raton Florida who has over 30 years of experience with kidney stones. Call the office or request an appointment online to find out more about the treatments available for kidney stones. We help men and women throughout Palm Beach County and nearby areas of Deerfield Beach and Delray Beach.
What Are Kidney Stones?
When high levels of minerals and salt exist in the kidneys, they can form a clump of matter known as a kidney stone. These stones may stay inside of the kidney, where they will not cause any further harm.
The real problem begins when these kidney stones enter the ureter and block urine from traveling through the ureter to the bladder. This blockage caused by the kidney stone becomes very painful, and can require surgery if they do not pass on their own.
What are the Symptoms of Kidney Stones?
Other than pain, patients with kidney stones often experience other symptoms such as:
- Persistent need to urinate
- Cloudy or discolored urine, usually pink, red, or brown in color
- Foul-smelling urine
- Frequent urination
- Fever or chills, typically occurs when there is an infection present
- Pain radiating from the lower abdomen and groin, or in the back below the ribs
- Nausea and vomiting
- Painful urination
If you have pain with fever and chills or pain that’s so severe that you can’t get comfortable, you should seek medical treatment immediately.
What Can Cause Kidney Stones?
Many factors increase your risk of developing kidney stones. When your urine contains crystal-forming substances, including uric acid and calcium, it can cause your urine to become more diluted and the stones to form. If certain substances are missing that prevent the crystals from sticking together, it creates the conditions that encourage stones to form.
Other risk factors for kidney stones may include:
- Personal or Genetic history
- Diets high in protein, sodium, and sugar
- Digestive conditions and surgery — such as inflammatory bowel disease or gastric bypass
Certain medical conditions, including hyperparathyroidism and renal tubular acidosis as well as chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs), can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones.
What are the Types of Kidney Stones?
Not all kidney stones are the same. The exact type of kidney stone will determine the course of action used to treat the patient’s kidney stones. These types of kidney stones include:
- Calcium stones (most common)
- Uric acid stones
- Struvite stones
- Cystine stones
How are Kidney Stones Treated?
As previously mentioned, the method of treatment will depend on the particular type of kidney stone that has developed, but many of these stones are treated in similar ways.
Most often, kidney stones will come to pass. You can assist this process by drinking lots of water and taking over-the-counter pain medicine to help with pain management. It can take about four to six weeks for a kidney stone to pass. This may seem like a long amount of time, but it is safe to continue trying to pass a kidney stone on your own so long as the pain is manageable and there are no present signs of an infection. If you suspect that there may be an infection spreading within your kidney or ureter, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Some medications have been shown to help increase the body’s ability to pass kidney stones. Such medications work by relaxing the ureter, which provides the kidney stone with ample room to make its way to the bladder, where it will finally exit the body through urination. Prescription strength painkillers may also be necessary depending on each individual case.
If the pain becomes too great, or if the ureter becomes completely blocked and begins to affect kidney function, surgery may be necessary. Modern technology allows for this surgery to be minimally invasive with minor recovery time. The most common types of surgery for the removal of kidney stones include:
- Ureteroscopy (URS)
- Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)
Schedule Your Kidney Stones Appointment with Urology Care Specialists
If you are struggling with pain or an infection caused by kidney stones, please schedule an appointment with Dr. Schwartzwald to discuss your treatment options. With over 30 years of experience patients from all over Palm beach county including Boca Raton, Deerfield Beach, Delray Beach count on Dr. Schwartzwald for expert care. Call our office today at (561) 939-0700 or use our online secure form.