Interstitial Cystitis Treatment in Boca Raton, FL
When the bladder becomes filled with urine, the pelvic nerves communicate to the brain that it is time to urinate. For those with interstitial cystitis (IC), these signals may fire too frequently or at the wrong time, causing the urge to urinate even when there is only a small amount of urine in the bladder. The effects of this urinary condition can greatly impact a person’s quality of life. Sufferers of IC can experience reduced bladder capacity, sexual intimacy issues, loss of sleep, and significant emotional stress.
Urologist David Schwartzwald, MD has 30+ years of experience in urologic care and provides interstitial cystitis treatment for patients from Kings Point, Deerfield Beach, and Parkland. Learn more about your treatment options for interstitial cystitis schedule your appointment at our urology clinic in Boca Raton, FL today!
Symptoms of Interstitial Cystitis
The symptoms of interstitial cystitis can vary for each patient, but these are among the most common symptoms reported by patients with IC:
- Pressure or pain in the bladder often becomes worse as the bladder fills.
- Lower abdomen, lower back, or pelvic pain can also be felt by some patients. The pain can range from intermittent to constant.
- Frequent urination is an early sign of interstitial cystitis and is characterized as urinating more than 7 times per day and/or waking up to go in the middle of the night.
- The urgency to urinate may never go away for some patients, even after urinating.
What Causes Interstitial Cystitis?
The exact cause of interstitial cystitis is unknown, but there are several risk factors that could increase an individual’s chances of developing this condition, including:
- Gender is a major contributing factor as 90% of patients with Interstitial cystitis are women. When men experience symptoms of IC, they are typically linked to prostate gland inflammation.
- The age of patients who are diagnosed with IC tends to be 40 or older.
- A defect in the bladder’s lining can allow an irritating substance to affect the bladder.
- Chronic pain disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome or fibromyalgia have been associated with interstitial cystitis.
How Interstitial Cystitis Is Diagnosed
There is no test that can definitively determine whether interstitial cystitis is or is not present. Dr. David Schwartzwald will determine whether the patient’s symptoms are consistent with IC, and will then order routine examinations to ensure that other health issues are not causing these symptoms. A physical and neurological evaluation may also be performed. The physical exam will consist of an assessment of the abdomen and organs in the pelvic area. The neurological exam will be performed to rule out any potential mental health or anxiety disorders that could be causing the patient’s symptoms.
Treatment Options in Boca Raton, FL
Symptoms can take weeks or even months to improve and the issue may never be completely cured. The treatment of interstitial cystitis will begin with minimally invasive measures and escalate progressively if symptoms are not improving:
First Phase: Home & Lifestyle Treatment
Dr. Schwartzwald may recommend some simple lifestyle changes including a change of diet, bladder retraining (holding urine for longer and longer periods of time to regain muscle control,) low-impact exercises, and wearing looser clothing.
Second Phase: Prescription Medication
If lifestyle changes are unable to control the patient’s symptoms, medications to calm the bladder may be prescribed. These medications can be taken orally or can be placed into the bladder directly through a catheter.
Third Phase: Injections
Injecting small amounts of Botox can help to paralyze the bladder muscles that are inflicting any pain, and can also alleviate symptoms.
Fourth Phase: Cyclosporine
The medication is infrequently used because of its immune system lowering effects. All patients should thoroughly discuss the risks of this option with Dr. Schwartzwald.
Fifth Phase: Surgery
Surgery is reserved for patients who have tried the first four phases of treatment and have achieved a significant improvement in their symptoms.
Schedule Your Interstitial Cystitis Consultation
Don’t let Interstitial Cystitis control your life, contact urologist David Schwartzwald, MD to discuss your diagnosis and treatment options available. Dr. Schwartzwald provides expert care for patients in Kings Point, Deerfield Beach, and Parkland at his urology clinic in Boca Raton, FL. Please call (561) 939-0700 or request an appointment online.